Zachary Shore

National Security Visiting Fellow

Zachary Shore is a National Security Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution and a Professor of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School. He is a historian of international conflict. He focuses on understanding the enemy.

Professor Shore earned his doctorate in modern history at Oxford, served as a National Security Fellow at Harvard, and held a fellowship at Stanford's Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences.

He is the author of five books, including three on enemy assessments. He has also written on foreign policy decision making, Blunder, and he recently published a practical guide to success in graduate school, Grad School Essentials. He is currently developing a book about the role of revenge in America’s treatment of its enemies.

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Recent Commentary

Analysis and Commentary

The China Challenge: Beijing Is Pursuing The Wrong Strategy In Its Bid To Win Allies

by Zachary Shorevia Discourse Magazine
Monday, October 11, 2021

Trying to bully countries into submission is turning them into adversaries

Analysis and Commentary

How America Forgot It Needed To Understand The Enemy

by Zachary Shorevia Foreign Policy
Saturday, September 18, 2021

America’s recent loss in Afghanistan is drawing understandable comparisons to Vietnam—two conflicts where the U.S. leadership supposedly never grasped the power of morale, the role of culture, or the reality on the ground. While these comparisons are inescapable, the United States has not always been so unsuccessful. There are valuable lessons in the U.S. approach to determining how the enemy thinks—from a war the United States won.


The China Challenge: America As A Rising Power

by Zachary Shorevia Discourse Magazine
Thursday, July 29, 2021

Chinese leaders insist that America is a declining power. It’s time to counter China’s narrative by turning it on its head. The Biden administration is wisely attempting to “build back better.” In the process, it should embrace the role of underdog. If framed correctly, this narrative shift could undercut China’s PR strategy, rally America’s allies and foster national unity. Getting the narrative right is the key.


President Biden Needs A 'Devil's Advocate'

by H. R. McMaster, Zachary Shorevia The Hill
Thursday, March 4, 2021

Most of President Biden’s top-level appointees have been quickly confirmed by the Senate. It is clear that all will be loyal team players. But the president also needs the opposite.

Analysis and Commentary

How A Divided Senate Can Unite Us

by Zachary Shorevia The Hill
Wednesday, December 16, 2020

The excruciatingly slow effort in Congress to pass a bipartisan relief package shows how challenging compromise has become. But there is another realm where lasting cooperation is both critical and possible.

Analysis and Commentary

Divided We Fall: Why The ‘America First’ Policy Has Created New Problems

by Zachary Shorevia National Interest
Friday, December 4, 2020

From the vantage point of 2020, it can seem hard to imagine Americans uniting over anything, much less a massive rescue operation for starving strangers. The country has become so inward-looking that it has lost focus on the world beyond its shores.