Looking back to 1965, full days worked from home were less than half a percent of all paid workdays in the United States. As shown in Figure 1, the work-from-home share rose slowly over the next few decades. In the 1970s, work from home often meant briefcases stuffed with paperwork. By the 1990s, it meant phone calls and floppy disks. In the twenty-first century, the rise of the internet facilitated collaboration at a distance. By 2019, the work-from-home share had reached 7 percent, and it seemed reasonable to anticipate a gradual rise in the years ahead.


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