Eric Hanushek

Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow in Education
Awards and Honors:
National Academy of Education

Eric Hanushek is the Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow and a member of the Koret Task Force on K–12 Education at the Hoover Institution. A leader in the development of the economic analysis of educational issues, his research spans the impact on achievement of teacher quality, high-stakes accountability, and class-size reduction. He pioneered measuring teacher quality on the basis of student achievement, the foundation for current research into the value-added evaluations of teachers and schools. His work on school efficiency is central to debates about school finance adequacy and equity; his analyses of the economic impact of school outcomes motivate both national and international educational policy design.

Hanushek is also chairman of the Executive Committee for the Texas Schools Project at the University of Texas at Dallas, a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and area coordinator for Economics of Education with the CESifo Research Network. He formerly served as chair of the Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences.

His latest book, The Knowledge Capital of Nations: Education and the Economics of Growth, identifies the close link between the skills of the people and the economic growth of the nation and shows the economic impact of high quality schools. This analysis is the basis for estimating the economic benefits of a world development standard based on achieving basic skills (Universal Basic Skills: What Countries Stand to Gain). His prior book, Endangering Prosperity: A Global View of the American School, considers the performance of U.S. schools from an international perspective and identifies the costs of not improving student outcomes. Earlier books include Schoolhouses, Courthouses, and Statehouses, Courting Failure, Handbook on the Economics of Education, The Economics of Schooling and School Quality, Improving America’s Schools, Making Schools Work, Educational Performance of the Poor, and Education and Race, along with numerous widely cited articles in professional journals.

Hanushek previously held academic appointments at the University of Rochester, Yale University, and the US Air Force Academy and served in government as deputy director of Congressional Budget Office. He is a member of the National Academy of Education and the International Academy of Education along with being a fellow of the Society of Labor Economists and the American Education Research Association. He was awarded the Fordham Prize for Distinguished Scholarship in 2004.

A distinguished graduate of the United States Air Force Academy, he completed his PhD in economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He served in the US Air Force from 1965 to 1974.

Filter By:



Recent Commentary

Policy StoriesFeatured

Better Pay, Better Teachers

by Eric Hanushekvia PolicyEd
Monday, October 12, 2020

Improving public education requires significantly enhancing teacher salaries, but also tilting compensation toward the most effective teachers.

Blank Section (Placeholder)

The Federal Role In Education

interview with James Blew, Eric Hanushekvia Hoover Podcasts
Wednesday, October 7, 2020

Assistant Secretary James Blew and Eric Hanushek discussed The Federal Role in Education on Capital Conversations.

In the News

If Everyone Is Behind, Then No One Is Behind

cited Eric Hanushekvia Heartland
Tuesday, September 29, 2020

In early September, researchers Corey DeAngelis and Christos Makridis released the results of a study they spearheaded, which found that “school districts in places with stronger teachers’ unions are much less likely to offer full-time, in-person instruction this fall.”

Analysis and Commentary

The Education Exchange: A $14 Trillion Loss From Coronavirus-Related School Closures

by Paul E. Peterson interview with Eric Hanushekvia The Education Exchange
Monday, September 21, 2020

The Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution of Stanford University, Eric Hanushek, joins Paul E. Peterson to discuss Hanushek’s new study, which calculates the expected losses to the annual GDP incurred by the Covid-19 shutdown of schools.


Eric Hanushek On The John Batchelor Show

interview with Eric Hanushekvia The John Batchelor Show
Thursday, September 17, 2020

Hoover Institution fellow Eric Hanushek discusses the article he wrote with Ludger Woessmann in the Hill titled "Students have already been saddled with economic losses from school closures."

In the News

Report: COVID-19 School Closures Could Cost US Economy $14 Trillion

quoting Eric Hanushekvia US News
Monday, September 14, 2020

THE LOSS OF ACADEMIC learning due to schools closing to stem the spread of the coronavirus could cost the U.S. economy between $14 trillion and $28 trillion if they remain closed for in-person learning much longer, according to a new report from economists that evaluates the long-term economic ramifications of remote learning.


Students Have Already Been Saddled With Economic Losses From School Closures

by Eric Hanushek, Ludger Woessmannvia The Hill
Thursday, September 10, 2020

Nobody is talking about schools resuming completely to normal this fall, but the economic problems caused by the pandemic would not be solved even if they did. In an analysis that we authored and that was discussed last weekend by education ministers of the G-20, we find the cohort of K-12 students hit by the spring closures has been seriously harmed and already faces a loss of lifetime income of 3 percent or more. The nation also faces a bleaker future.

New OECD Analysis by Hoover Institution Fellows: Affected Students See At Least 3% Lower Career Earnings Because of COVID School Closings

featuring Eric Hanushek, Ludger Woessmannvia Analysis
Thursday, September 10, 2020

Eric A. Hanushek, the Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow in Education and Distinguished Visiting Fellow Ludger Woessmann at Stanford’s Hoover Institution released an Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)  analysis on The Economic Impacts of Learning Losses incurred during the COVID-19 pandemic.  This groundbreaking OECD analysis was presented at the G20 Education Ministers virtual meeting on September 5, 2020.  While not addressing when or how schools re-open, it points to the long-run harm to students and to the nation of the accumulating learning losses. 

In the News

'Back-On-Track ESAs' Offer A Unique Opportunity For Pa. Parents And Students

quoting Eric Hanushekvia Morrisons Cove Herald
Thursday, August 27, 2020

With the start of the school year fast approaching, everyone from parents and students to teachers and school administrators is likely feeling anxious about what lies ahead.

In the News

Back On Track ESAs Offer Opportunity For Parents, Students

quoting Eric Hanushekvia Westfield Free Press-Courier
Thursday, August 20, 2020

With the start of the school year fast approaching, everyone from parents and students to teachers and school administrators is likely feeling anxious about what lies ahead.