Eric Hanushek

Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow in Education
Research Team: 
Awards and Honors:
National Academy of Education
Biography: 

Eric Hanushek is the Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow and a member of the Koret Task Force on K–12 Education at the Hoover Institution. A leader in the development of the economic analysis of educational issues, his research spans the impact on achievement of teacher quality, high-stakes accountability, and class-size reduction. He pioneered measuring teacher quality on the basis of student achievement, the foundation for current research into the value-added evaluations of teachers and schools. His work on school efficiency is central to debates about school finance adequacy and equity; his analyses of the economic impact of school outcomes motivate both national and international educational policy design.

Hanushek is also chairman of the Executive Committee for the Texas Schools Project at the University of Texas at Dallas, a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and area coordinator for Economics of Education with the CESifo Research Network. He formerly served as chair of the Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences.

His latest book, The Knowledge Capital of Nations: Education and the Economics of Growth, identifies the close link between the skills of the people and the economic growth of the nation and shows the economic impact of high quality schools. This analysis is the basis for estimating the economic benefits of a world development standard based on achieving basic skills (Universal Basic Skills: What Countries Stand to Gain). His prior book, Endangering Prosperity: A Global View of the American School, considers the performance of U.S. schools from an international perspective and identifies the costs of not improving student outcomes. Earlier books include Schoolhouses, Courthouses, and Statehouses, Courting Failure, Handbook on the Economics of Education, The Economics of Schooling and School Quality, Improving America’s Schools, Making Schools Work, Educational Performance of the Poor, and Education and Race, along with numerous widely cited articles in professional journals.

Hanushek previously held academic appointments at the University of Rochester, Yale University, and the US Air Force Academy and served in government as deputy director of Congressional Budget Office. He is a member of the National Academy of Education and the International Academy of Education along with being a fellow of the Society of Labor Economists and the American Education Research Association. He was awarded the Fordham Prize for Distinguished Scholarship in 2004.

A distinguished graduate of the United States Air Force Academy, he completed his PhD in economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He served in the US Air Force from 1965 to 1974.

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In the News

Higher Pay Leads To Smarter Teachers, Global Study Says

quoting Eric Hanushekvia Education Week
Wednesday, February 20, 2019

When teachers have higher cognitive skills, their students perform better academically, according to a new study that compared data from 31 countries.

In the News

Procedure Without Accountability

quoting Eric Hanushekvia City Journal
Tuesday, February 12, 2019

Philip Howard details how government-worker unions impede rational decision-making.

Featured

The Education Exchange: Charter School Effectiveness Growing In Texas

by Education Nextwith Eric Hanushek, Paul E. Petersonvia Education Next
Monday, February 11, 2019

Most studies of charter schooling look at how charter schools compare with traditional schools at one point in time, but the success of the reform depends on whether the charter sector improves over time.

Featured

How To Improve California’s Education, Housing Affordability

by Lee Ohanian, John B. Taylor mentioning Eric Hanushek, Hoover Institutionvia San Francisco Chronicle
Monday, February 4, 2019

Gov. Gavin Newsom’s first budget comes when California is the most challenging state in the country for low- and middle-income households: California has the highest poverty rate of any of the 50 states. California also ranks 49th in both housing affordability and cost of living. It ranks 50th in homelessness, 40th in the overall tax burden and 42nd in how well it is educating its kindergarten through high school-age young people.

Blank Section (Placeholder)PoliticsFeatured

Education Reform: Economic Policy Challenges Facing California’s Next Governor

by Eric Hanushekvia Hoover Institution
Monday, October 29, 2018

Performance of students in California has recently improved, but large numbers of students still remain poorly equipped to face a world of automation and economic change. Moreover, California’s economic future is in jeopardy, especially if the high cost of living impedes the flow of skilled in-migrants to the state.

Analysis and Commentary

Ohio Can Play Offense With The AI Revolution By Investing In Quality Education

by Eric Hanushekvia Cleveland.com
Wednesday, August 29, 2018

All states today worry about the coming of the machines - the artificial intelligence revolution. Ohio more than most other states has already seen much of the potential for automation changing the face of employment. The answer for the future is investing in "automation insurance" - quality education.

Blueprint for AmericaFeatured

Education And The Nation’s Future

by Eric Hanushekvia PolicyEd
Wednesday, July 18, 2018

The United States used to lead the world in educational attainment, but has failed to maintain its dominant position in the last few decades. Improving its students’ educational outcomes would significantly expand the economy and the opportunities available to workers. The future of the United States economy depends on improving the education and skills taught to students, which requires a renewed emphasis on producing, rewarding, and retaining great teachers.

Analysis and Commentary

What Do Test Scores Really Mean For The Economy?

by Eric Hanushekvia EducationNext
Wednesday, June 13, 2018

It is increasingly common to hear public statements downplaying the results of student tests. Such was the widespread reaction after the annual release of the highly reliable National Assessment of Educational Progress test scores in April, often called the “nation’s report card.”

Featured

What Do Test Scores Really Mean For The Economy?

by Eric Hanushekvia Education Week
Monday, June 4, 2018

It is increasingly common to hear public statements downplaying the results of student tests. Such was the widespread reaction after the annual release of the highly reliable National Assessment of Educational Progress test scores in April, often called the "nation's report card."

IntellectionsFeatured

The Power Of Education: Boosting Economic Growth In The Long Run

by Eric Hanushekvia Policyed.org
Friday, September 8, 2017

Widespread proficiency in math and reading creates a strong foundation for more advanced knowledge and productive work. Unfortunately, U.S. proficiency in math and reading hasn’t kept up with the rest of the world. If American students become more proficient in math and reading, long-run economic growth will follow.

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