Paul R. Gregory

Research Fellow

Paul Gregory is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. He holds an endowed professorship in the Department of Economics at the University of Houston, Texas, is a research professor at the German Institute for Economic Research in Berlin, and is emeritus chair of the International Advisory Board of the Kiev School of Economics. Gregory has held visiting teaching appointments at Moscow State University, Viadrina University, and the Free University of Berlin. He blogs on national and international economic topics at and

The holder of a PhD in economics from Harvard University, he is the author or coauthor of twelve books and more than one hundred articles on economic history, the Soviet economy, transition economies, comparative economics, and economic demography. Gregory’s economics papers have been published in American Economic Review, Econometrica, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Political Economy, Journal of Economic History, and the Journal of Comparative Economics.  His most recent books are Women of the Gulag: Portraits of Five Remarkable Lives (Hoover Institution Press, 2013), Politics, Murder, and Love in Stalin's Kremlin: The Story of Nikolai Bukharin and Anna Larina (Hoover Institution Press, 2010), Lenin’s Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives (Hoover Institution Press, 2008), Terror by Quota (Yale, 2009), and The Political Economy of Stalinism (Cambridge, 2004), which won the Hewett Prize. He edited The Lost Transcripts of the Politburo (Yale, 2008), Behind the Façade of Stalin's Command Economy (Hoover, 2001), and The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag (Hoover, 2003). The work of his Hoover Soviet Archives Research Project team is summarized in "Allocation under Dictatorship: Research in Stalin's Archive" (coauthored with Hoover fellow Mark Harrison), published in the Journal of Economic Literature.

Gregory has also published The Global Economy and Its Economic Systems (Cengage, 2013) and is working with director Marianna Yarovskaya on a film documentary entitled Women of the Gulag.

Gregory also served on the editorial board of the seven-volume Gulag documentary series entitled The History of the Stalin Gulag, published jointly by the Hoover Institution and the Russian Archival Service. He also serves or has served on the editorial boards of Comparative Economic Studies, Slavic Review, Journal of Comparative Economics, Problems of Post-Communism, and Explorations in Economic History.

His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.

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Recent Commentary

Analysis and Commentary

The Black Swan Of The Russian Revolution

by Paul R. Gregoryvia The Independent Review
Wednesday, October 25, 2017

[Subscription Required] Like the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russian Revolution caught almost everyone off guard. Contrary to Marxist-Leninist dogma, the Bolsheviks’ victory resulted not from communism’s alleged inevitability but rather from a series of coincidences and accidents that could have been otherwise.


Sadly, We Must Rely On Russian Oligarchs To Reveal Truth On Trump Dossier

by Paul R. Gregoryvia The Hill
Wednesday, October 25, 2017

Congress has demonstrated its inability to solve the key unanswered questions of the Trump dossier — who paid for it and what were its sources? The dossier was compiled by ex-British spy Christopher Steele of Orbis Business Intelligence of London and was commissioned by Fusion GPS, a Washington, D.C.-based opposition research firm headed by former journalist Glen Simpson.

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The Stalin Template

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Digest
Monday, October 23, 2017

Kim Jong-un learned many things from the USSR’s master of repression. Kim’s bloody efforts to prop up the family dynasty, however, are all his own.

US Department of Justice
Analysis and Commentary

Obama's DOJ Slow-Walked Probe Despite National Security Concerns

by Paul R. Gregoryvia The Hill
Tuesday, October 17, 2017

In their recent article in The Hill, John Solomon and Alison Spann reported on the Obama Justice Department’s slow-walk investigation of Moscow’s bribery, kickbacks, extortion and money laundering “designed to grow Vladimir Putin’s atomic energy business inside the United States.”

Analysis and Commentary

How Russia Is Playing Catalonia To Get A Reprieve On Crimea

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Monday, October 16, 2017

Among Russia’s biggest headaches is the widespread condemnation of its annexation of Crimea in March of 2014. Vladimir Putin still smarts from the November 2016 International Criminal Court (ICC) finding that “there exists a sensible or reasonable justification for a belief that a crime [my italics] falling within the jurisdiction of the Court ‘has been or is being committed’” within the Crimean and Donbas territories of Ukraine. Upon issuance of this finding, an irate Russia withdrew from the ICC. Sanctions continue to threaten persons and companies associated with the Crimean takeover.

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Speaking Bolshevik

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Defining Ideas
Thursday, October 5, 2017

Leftists are using PC language to indoctrinate people into “a single system of thought.” 

Analysis and Commentary

For Now, Trump Dossier Creates More Questions Than Answers

by Paul R. Gregoryvia The Hill
Thursday, October 5, 2017

The Trump dossier was compiled by ex-British spy Christopher Steele of London-based Orbis International and was commissioned by the D.C. opposition-research firm, Fusion GPS, headed by Glen Simpson.

Analysis and Commentary

Germany: Welcome To The World Of Trump

by Paul R. Gregoryvia The Hill
Thursday, September 28, 2017

The 2017 Bundestag election handed the German political establishment its version of Trump shock. An upstart politically incorrect party (the Alternative for Germany, AfD) gained its maiden entry into the Bundestag as its third largest faction.


What The ‘Great Terror’ Taught Autocrats

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Wall Street Journal
Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Lesser terror keeps them in power without as much scrutiny.

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A Grand Bargain On Korea

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Defining Ideas
Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Any deal would require abandoning the prospect of Korean unification