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Tuesday, March 8, 2022

Issue 2234

India and the Middle East/The Middle East and the Indo-Pacific
Featured Analysis
Featured Analysis

Engaging India Through The Middle East

by Dinsha Mistreevia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 8, 2022

In recent years the United States has been pursuing stronger relations with India, and for good reason. Setting aside that India is important in its own right—with more than 18 percent of the world’s population and with the sixth largest economy in the world—policymakers and strategists are also recognizing India’s power in regional and global affairs. Consider some of the most important international events over the past decade. The US has turned to India for support in sanctioning Iran, for rebuilding Afghanistan, for jointly working against terrorism in the region, and more recently, for coordinating on China and the Indo-Pacific. Developing a strong relationship with India is clearly in line with US interests.

Featured Analysis

Extending The Indo-US Partnership To The Middle East: Prospects And Limits Of Cooperation

by Hasan Alhasanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 8, 2022

The quadrilateral meeting that brought India together with the United States, Israel, and the United Arab Emirates in October 2021 has raised hopes that the US-India partnership in the Indo-Pacific could extend to the Middle East. As Washington diverts its attention and resources to the competition with China and Russia, American strategists hope that US partners could be counted on to carry a larger share of the regional security burden. India, in particular, has considerable economic and security interests in the Middle East; it sources over 58% of its crude petroleum imports from the region which is also home to about 9 million Indians, accounting for over 50% of India’s inward remittances. 

Featured Analysis

A Potential Indo-Med Collaboration

by Abraham D. Sofaervia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 8, 2022

The Hoover Institution's Working Group on the Middle East has initiated an important discussion that is particularly significant to me, a Hoover scholar of Middle Eastern Jewish origin, born and raised in India, who has had the privilege of representing the U.S. in negotiations with Egypt, Iran, and Israel.

Featured Analysis

Israel-UAE Economic Cooperation Has Deep Roots And Broad Dividends

by Katherine Bauervia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 8, 2022

It was not a foregone conclusion that normalization between Israel, the UAE and Bahrain (and later Sudan and Morocco) would stick when the Abraham Accords were announced amid our collective pandemic fog in August 2020.  Nonetheless, looking back it is possible to place the move within broader regional trends. Going forward, bilateral trade and investment are likely to underpin cooperation in other areas. However, it may be joint investments in third countries and other multilateral economic arrangements that will do the most to advance shared strategic objectives.

Featured Analysis

Transforming Relations Across The Persian Gulf And The Middle East

by David C. Mulfordvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 8, 2022

In 1973, six months after the Yom Kippur war, Saudi Arabia announced on behalf of the OPEC oil producers‘ cartel a four-fold increase in the world price of oil. The announcement was a major shock to the world economy at the time and since has had lasting effects both on the global economy and foreign policy developments of major nations.

Featured Analysis

India And The United States: Expanding Indo-Pacific Cooperation To The Middle East

by S. Paul Kapurvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 8, 2022

During the Obama administration, the United States began deprioritizing the Middle East, turning its attention increasingly to the Indo-Pacific and the challenge of rising Chinese power. Biden administration officials have stated that they intend to continue the process. As a result, the United States could find itself drawing down its Middle East presence even as an increasingly ambitious China makes strategic inroads in the region through such measures as its Belt-and-Road Initiative.

Featured Analysis

India’s Larger Regional Strategy

by Rajendra Abhyankar via The Caravan
Tuesday, March 8, 2022

In India’s regional strategy, the countries in the Middle East, particularly the Gulf states, Israel and Iran hold a pivotal place. India has tried to balance its policy in the region to prioritize energy security and accelerate economic ties. However, India will continue to be susceptible to the range of intra-regional conflicts that will test its ability to protect its interests.

Featured Analysis

The Need For Transregional Strategies In Eurasia

by Admiral Gary Rougheadvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 8, 2022

Crafting security and defense strategies is hard.  Doing so in a time of significant geopolitical, economic, and technical change is harder, and implementing new and more relevant strategies with dated security organizational structures is harder still.  Add to that a biased calculus of power and any resulting strategy is sure to miss the mark.   All these cautions should be top of mind in a changing Eurasia.

Featured Analysis

A Passage From India: Towards A Strategy For Middle East Security

by Russell A. Bermanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 8, 2022

It is bitterly ironic that just as world leaders and diplomats were gathering in Munich to participate in the annual Security Conference, the threat of enormous insecurity loomed menacingly over Ukraine.  Meanwhile Russia, in collaboration with Belarus, tested ballistic and cruise missiles, clearly intended as a reminder that Russia is prepared to escalate the conflict.

E.g., 6 / 23 / 2022
E.g., 6 / 23 / 2022
Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Issue 1610

How do you understand shifting Saudi strategy and what is its significance for broader Middle East policy?

Introduction

by Hoover Institution Tuesday, February 9, 2016
article

Featured Analysis

by Russell A. Berman Tuesday, February 9, 2016
article
by David Schenker Wednesday, February 10, 2016
article
by Jane Kinninmont Thursday, February 11, 2016
article
by Reuel Marc Gerecht Friday, February 12, 2016
article
by Simon Henderson Tuesday, February 16, 2016
article
by Abbas Milani Wednesday, February 17, 2016
article
by Toby C. Jones Thursday, February 18, 2016
article
by Karen Elliott House Friday, February 19, 2016
article
by Toby Matthiesen Monday, February 22, 2016
article
by Charles Hill Monday, February 22, 2016
article
Tuesday, December 1, 2015

Issue 1509

How should the US meet the ISIS challenge more successfully?

Introduction

by Hoover Institution Tuesday, December 1, 2015
article

Featured Analysis

by Russell A. Berman Tuesday, December 1, 2015
article
by Daniel Kurtzer Wednesday, December 2, 2015
article
by Nibras Kazimi Thursday, December 3, 2015
article
by Josef Joffe Friday, December 4, 2015
article
by Reuel Marc Gerecht Monday, December 7, 2015
article
by Camille Pecastaing Tuesday, December 8, 2015
article
by Samuel Tadros Wednesday, December 9, 2015
article
by Kori Schake Thursday, December 10, 2015
article
by Robert Satloff Friday, December 11, 2015
article
Tuesday, October 13, 2015

Issue 1508

What are the consequences of the Iran "deal" for regional and international security?

Introduction

by Hoover Institution Tuesday, October 13, 2015
article

Featured Analysis

by Charles Hill Tuesday, October 20, 2015
article
by Russell A. Berman Tuesday, October 13, 2015
article
by Stephen D. Krasner Wednesday, October 14, 2015
article
by Reuel Marc Gerecht Monday, October 19, 2015
article
by Colin Dueck Thursday, October 15, 2015
article
by Mehdi Khalaji Friday, October 16, 2015
article
Saturday, September 14, 2013

Issue 1307

Syria and the World's Uncertainty

Introduction

by Fouad Ajami Thursday, September 12, 2013
article

Featured Analysis

by Charles Hill Thursday, September 12, 2013
article
by Russell A. Berman Thursday, September 12, 2013
article
by Itamar Rabinovich Thursday, September 12, 2013
article
by Tunku Varadarajan Thursday, September 12, 2013
article
by Reuel Marc Gerecht Thursday, September 12, 2013
article
by Asli Aydintasbas Thursday, September 12, 2013
article
by Fouad Ajami Thursday, September 12, 2013
article

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Featured Analysis

Mr. Magoo In Turkey

by Michael Doranvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 1, 2020

Even a kerfuffle can reveal a strategic blunder. In December 2019, the New York Times editorial board taped an interview with former Vice President Joe Biden. A segment dealing with US-Turkish relations did not make the final cut, but eight months later, on August 15, 2020, it surfaced on the internet and sparked outrage in Turkey.

Featured Analysis

Middle East Policy In An Age Of Constraint

by Russell A. Bermanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 1, 2020

The American public has grown war weary, with no enthusiasm to return to a grand agenda for the Middle East. This reluctance is the major constraint on future policy, and it has multiple causes.

Featured Analysis

Russia And American Power In The Middle East

by Robert Servicevia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 1, 2020

Nothing is stranger than the notion, widely held, that Russia is a newcomer to the Middle East. After extending its rule to what is now called southern Ukraine in the late eighteenth century its territories bordered on the vast Ottoman Empire.

Russia And American Power In The Middle East

by Robert Servicevia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 1, 2020

Nothing is stranger than the notion, widely held, that Russia is a newcomer to the Middle East. After extending its rule to what is now called southern Ukraine in the late eighteenth century its territories bordered on the vast Ottoman Empire.

Featured Analysis

Breaking The Cycle: The Need For A Sustainable, Long-Term Policy In The Middle East

by H. R. McMastervia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 1, 2020

The inability of the United States, in cooperation with like-minded nations, to implement a consistent policy toward the greater Middle East and North Africa region (spanning Morocco in the west to Iran in the east and encompassing the northern countries of Syria and Iraq to the southern countries of Sudan and Yemen) has contributed to the extent of the region’s unravelling, diminishing American influence there.

Featured Analysis

Is China Pivoting To The Middle East?

by Ambassador Paul Wolfowitzvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 1, 2020

From the beginning, the “Pivot to Asia,” announced with some fanfare in late 2011 by President Obama and Secretary of State Clinton, was more about politics than strategy. It provided the appearance of a strategic rationale for the American retreat from the Middle East with its “endless wars,” taking advantage of our new-found “energy independence” to focus instead on the Asia-Pacific with its growing importance for American economic and security interests.

Introduction

The Middle East And The Major World Powers

by Charles Hillvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 1, 2020

At this disrupted time centered around the COVID-19 pandemic affecting all parts of the globe might there be a way to assess the relative standing of national regimes and the geographical regions as fields in which their interests may compete?

Featured Analysis

The Pandemic In The Middle East: Unexpected Results And Pending Shifts

by Russell A. Bermanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 16, 2020

As bad as the cumulative impact of COVID-19 in terms of loss of life has been, it has been less devastating than initially predicted. At least such are the results to date, in mid-May 2020.

Featured Analysis

Covid-19 And Middle Eastern Tyranny

by Reuel Marc Gerechtvia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 16, 2020

In the democratic West, many expect there to be a post–Covid-19 reckoning. That politicians who did poorly in handling the pandemic will fall from office. There isn’t a clear understanding of what virological competence in a leader ought to look like (Angela Merkel appears, for now, to be the exemplar), but many executives in the more severely infected nations—for example, Donald Trump, Emanuel Macron, and Boris Johnson—aren’t role models and should be punished.

Featured Analysis

Mackinder’s Return

by Matt Trevithick via The Caravan
Thursday, June 11, 2020

Halford Mackinder began his sketch on a spare map in 1904 by putting his pencil down on a point near the seas north of Russias St. Petersburg, by the Kanin Peninsula. From there, he laid down a southward graphite trail, bending west to incorporate Moscow, then heading south once more, threading between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea until he stopped barely above the Persian Gulf. 

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The Caravan is envisaged as a periodic symposium on the contemporary dilemmas of the Greater Middle East. It will be a free and candid exchange of opinions. We shall not lack for topics of debate, for that arc of geography has contentions aplenty. It is our intention to come back with urgent topics that engage us. Caravans are full of life and animated companionship. Hence the name we chose for this endeavor.

We will draw on the membership of Hoover's Herbert and Jane Dwight Working Group on the Middle East and the Islamic World, and on colleagues elsewhere who work that same political and cultural landscape. Hoover senior fellow Russell Berman directs the project from which this effort originates.