Following the collapse of the Soviet Union over forty years ago, national security planners expressed optimism. The United States was “the only nation with the military to influence events globally” and Washington was “heartened and encouraged” that the “hammer and sickle no longer flies over Moscow.” President George H. W. Bush would observe that we had “entered a remarkable stage in our relationship with the Soviet Union,” allowing us to “narrow our differences and seize this historic opportunity to help create lasting peace.” Today, in startling contrast, threats abound, gloom predominates, and America’s economic, political, and military strength, and resolve, are in question. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and China’s looming threat to Taiwan underscore this transformation


overlay image