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An analysis of the deep state is essential to understanding the current and future trajectory of politics in Iran. The Iranian deep state is composed of an intricate security, intelligence, and economic superstructure whose goal is to preserve the fundamental revolutionary nature, vision, and security of the Islamic Republic. This paper traces the history of the deep state, identifies its ideological and economic goals, and maps its institutional dominance, revealing the its influence in the Iranian system. For policy makers, understanding the nature, composition, and goals of the deep state reveals the Islamic Republic’s resilience, economic and regional ambitions, and potential accommodation in future negotiations.