By Danni Ondraskova, Wellesley College
Since 2011, Russia has launched a propaganda war in the politically and economically allied Visegrád (V4) countries (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, and Hungary), creating a false moral binary between the morally degenerate West and responsible protector Russia to gain strategic influence in the V4. Russian online, print, and television outlets fabricate photos and sources and rely on alternative Western “experts” to propagate their messages. Kremlin-funded networks spend $1.4 billion annually on propaganda. RT alone spends $300 million a year and has 700 million cable subscribers, comprising about 10% of the entire world population.