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Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Issue 2132

The Sahel: Local Conflicts, International Stakes
Introduction
Introduction

Sahelian Islam’s Shift Towards Salafism And Its Implications For Regional Terrorism

by Joshua Meserveyvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel region of Africa stretches east from Senegal’s Atlantic coast into Sudan, covering a vast space in which the Sahara Desert peters out southward into savannah. It is predominately Muslim, and specifically Sufi, a type of syncretic Islamic practice that emphasizes the mystical experience of God.

Featured Analysis
Featured Analysis

From The Middle East To The Sahel And Throughout Africa: How Russia Pushes Western Powers Towards The Exit

by Isabelle Lasserrevia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Sub-Saharan Africa, the Sahel, the Middle East, Afghanistan. Like an octopus, Russia has extended its tentacles to every crisis riddled corner, filling the void created by the withdrawal of Western forces. Occasionally partnering with Turkey to better share the imperial burden, Vladimir Putin has once again inserted Moscow as a major player on the international scene. To what extent can it take the place of democratic powers?

Featured Analysis

The Sahelian Matrix Of Political Violence

by Heni Nsaibia, Clionadh Raleighvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel is one of the most active conflict theatres on the African continent and has become a major node in the "Global War on Terror'' over the past twenty years. After nearly a decade of foreign military intervention through overlapping counterterrorism, stabilization, and military and security training missions, the conflict is often referred to as a ''Forever War'' alongside other Western-led military interventions in the Middle East and Africa. As military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan draw to a close, attention is increasingly shifting to Africa as the next battlefront— where the Sahel remains a key geopolitical dilemma.

Featured Analysis

Remaining Without Expanding? Examining Jihadist Insurgency in Northeastern Nigeria

by James Barnettvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Over the past twelve years, northeastern Nigeria has experienced one of the most destructive jihadist insurgencies of anywhere in the world. As many as 350,000 people have died and some five million have become displaced as a result of conflict between insurgents commonly known as Boko Haram and the Nigerian state.

Featured Analysis

France In The Sahel Is A Policeman Trying To Escape From Prison

by Michel Goyavia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

On the 10th June, 2021, President Macron announced 'the end of Operation Barkhane' in the Sahel, but he did not announce France's withdrawal from the war against Salafi-jihadist organisations in the area. This is simply a new avatar of France's military engagement in the Sahel after Nicolas Sarkozy's ‘Sahel plan’ and the start of the Special Forces' Operation Sabre in 2009, operation Serval in 2013 and operation Barkhane in 2014. 

Featured Analysis

The Sahel After Afghanistan

by Russell A. Bermanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel and the states bordering it are sites of significant jihadist activity that will derive considerable encouragement from the Taliban victory in Afghanistan: Islamism will be on the upswing everywhere. In the Sahel in particular, such violent extremism plays out against the backdrop of weak political structures, poor governance, intercommunal conflicts, and profound economic challenges. These are poor states with growing populations.

E.g., 10 / 20 / 2021
E.g., 10 / 20 / 2021
Thursday, October 29, 2020

Issue 2028

Fouad Ajami: Scholar, Teacher, Mentor

Introduction

by Cole Bunzel Thursday, October 29, 2020
article

Featured Analysis

by Charles Hill Thursday, October 29, 2020
article
by Martin Kramer Thursday, October 29, 2020
article
by Sanam Vakil Thursday, October 29, 2020
article
by Reuel Marc Gerecht Thursday, October 29, 2020
article
by Franck Salameh Thursday, October 29, 2020
article
by Russell A. Berman Thursday, October 29, 2020
article
Tuesday, September 1, 2020

Issue 2027

Great Power Competition in the Middle East

Introduction

by Charles Hill Tuesday, September 1, 2020
article

Featured Analysis

by Robert Service Tuesday, September 1, 2020
article
by Michael Doran Tuesday, September 1, 2020
article
by H. R. McMaster Tuesday, September 1, 2020
article
by Ambassador Paul Wolfowitz Tuesday, September 1, 2020
article
by Russell A. Berman Tuesday, September 1, 2020
article
Tuesday, June 2, 2020

Issue 2026

The Pandemic and the Middle East

Introduction

by Charles Hill Tuesday, June 2, 2020
article

Featured Analysis

by Soner Cagaptay, Deniz Yuksel Thursday, June 4, 2020
article
by Alma Keshavarz Thursday, June 4, 2020
article
by Itamar Rabinovich Tuesday, June 9, 2020
article
by Walter Russell Mead Tuesday, June 9, 2020
article
by Samuel Tadros Thursday, June 11, 2020
article
by Matt Trevithick Thursday, June 11, 2020
article
by Reuel Marc Gerecht Tuesday, June 16, 2020
article
by Russell A. Berman Tuesday, June 16, 2020
article
Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Issue 2025

Rolling Back Iran? The New Wave of Demonstrations

Introduction

by Charles Hill Tuesday, March 3, 2020
article

Featured Analysis

by Nibras Kazimi Thursday, March 5, 2020
article
by Hanin Ghaddar Thursday, March 5, 2020
article
by Sanam Vakil Tuesday, March 10, 2020
article
by Tony Badran Tuesday, March 10, 2020
article
by Karim Sadjadpour Thursday, March 12, 2020
article

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Featured Analysis

Gulf Politics And The Nuclear Deal

by Dania Koleilat Khatibvia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

The core state in the Arabian Peninsula is Saudi Arabia. The rest are small countries with less than one million citizens each. Hence, if we want to talk about Gulf policy towards Iran we need to talk about Saudi policy.

Featured Analysis

Are Iraq’s Gates Opening Wider For Iran?

by Alma Keshavarzvia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

Iran has been a state sponsor of terrorism since 1984. Through the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and Qods Force, Iran has forged relationships with like-minded militias in neighboring countries, but primarily in Iraq.

Featured Analysis

Iran In China’s Grand Strategy

by Miles Maochun Yuvia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

China does not have a fixed Iran doctrine. And Iran does not have a historic China doctrine, as it usually places its geostrategic emphasis on the Middle East, the United States, and Europe. But the two revolutionary regimes are coming together.

Introduction

Why Iran Matters For American National Interest

by Russell A. Bermanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

The negotiations in Vienna about a return to the JCPOA are continuing, at least as of this writing in late May. Perhaps there will be a breakthrough soon, one way or another, even before this Caravan goes to press, or the talks may drag on into the summer until a compromise is reached or until one side decides to call it quits.

The Caravan: What To Do About Iran

via The Caravan
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

Issue 2131 of The Caravan is now available online. The journal is a periodic symposium on the contemporary dilemmas of the Greater Middle East.

Featured Analysis

Whither The JCPOA With Iran

by James Jeffreyvia The Caravan
Friday, June 11, 2021

Within the next several weeks the United States and its partners could well agree with Iran for the ‘return’ of the U.S. and Iran to the provisions of the 2015 “Joint Comprehensive Program of Action” or JCPOA regulating Iran’s nuclear programs.

The Caravan: Human Rights In The Middle East And American Foreign Policy

via The Caravan
Wednesday, March 10, 2021

Issue 2130 of The Caravan is now available online. The journal is a periodic symposium on the contemporary dilemmas of the Greater Middle East.

Featured Analysis

Human Rights & Diplomacy: “Give Us Something To Aspire To!”

by Eric K. Lundbergvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 9, 2021

The gap between aspiration and achievement in human rights promotion is a long-standing feature of U.S. foreign policy. We Foreign Service Officers learn early that, however genuine our intentions, there are natural limits to what is achievable.

Featured Analysis

Partner Or Pariah? Saudi Arabia, The Biden Administration, And Human Rights

by Cole Bunzelvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 9, 2021

The Biden administration has set for itself an ambitious human rights agenda. “When I am president, human rights will be at the core of U.S. foreign policy,” then candidate Joe Biden told the New York Times in February 2020, citing “China’s deepening authoritarianism” and “the unconscionable detention of over a million Uighurs in western China.”

Featured Analysis

Promoting Human Rights Abroad, Defending Them At Home

by Russell A. Bermanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 9, 2021

An American foreign policy that includes the promotion of human rights as one of its missions can draw on a tradition rooted in the Declaration of Independence. The assertion of universal equality and the designation of unalienable rights, "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness," have shaped American political culture. That the reality of American life has never fully realized these ideals and at times failed them egregiously, notably in the institution of slavery, does not negate the validity of the ideals themselves.

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The Caravan is envisaged as a periodic symposium on the contemporary dilemmas of the Greater Middle East. It will be a free and candid exchange of opinions. We shall not lack for topics of debate, for that arc of geography has contentions aplenty. It is our intention to come back with urgent topics that engage us. Caravans are full of life and animated companionship. Hence the name we chose for this endeavor.

We will draw on the membership of Hoover's Herbert and Jane Dwight Working Group on the Middle East and the Islamic World, and on colleagues elsewhere who work that same political and cultural landscape. Hoover senior fellow Russell Berman directs the project from which this effort originates.