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Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Issue 2132

The Sahel: Local Conflicts, International Stakes
Introduction
Introduction

Sahelian Islam’s Shift Towards Salafism And Its Implications For Regional Terrorism

by Joshua Meserveyvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel region of Africa stretches east from Senegal’s Atlantic coast into Sudan, covering a vast space in which the Sahara Desert peters out southward into savannah. It is predominately Muslim, and specifically Sufi, a type of syncretic Islamic practice that emphasizes the mystical experience of God.

Featured Analysis
Featured Analysis

From The Middle East To The Sahel And Throughout Africa: How Russia Pushes Western Powers Towards The Exit

by Isabelle Lasserrevia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Sub-Saharan Africa, the Sahel, the Middle East, Afghanistan. Like an octopus, Russia has extended its tentacles to every crisis riddled corner, filling the void created by the withdrawal of Western forces. Occasionally partnering with Turkey to better share the imperial burden, Vladimir Putin has once again inserted Moscow as a major player on the international scene. To what extent can it take the place of democratic powers?

Featured Analysis

The Sahelian Matrix Of Political Violence

by Heni Nsaibia, Clionadh Raleighvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel is one of the most active conflict theatres on the African continent and has become a major node in the "Global War on Terror'' over the past twenty years. After nearly a decade of foreign military intervention through overlapping counterterrorism, stabilization, and military and security training missions, the conflict is often referred to as a ''Forever War'' alongside other Western-led military interventions in the Middle East and Africa. As military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan draw to a close, attention is increasingly shifting to Africa as the next battlefront— where the Sahel remains a key geopolitical dilemma.

Featured Analysis

Remaining Without Expanding? Examining Jihadist Insurgency in Northeastern Nigeria

by James Barnettvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Over the past twelve years, northeastern Nigeria has experienced one of the most destructive jihadist insurgencies of anywhere in the world. As many as 350,000 people have died and some five million have become displaced as a result of conflict between insurgents commonly known as Boko Haram and the Nigerian state.

Featured Analysis

France In The Sahel Is A Policeman Trying To Escape From Prison

by Michel Goyavia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

On the 10th June, 2021, President Macron announced 'the end of Operation Barkhane' in the Sahel, but he did not announce France's withdrawal from the war against Salafi-jihadist organisations in the area. This is simply a new avatar of France's military engagement in the Sahel after Nicolas Sarkozy's ‘Sahel plan’ and the start of the Special Forces' Operation Sabre in 2009, operation Serval in 2013 and operation Barkhane in 2014. 

Featured Analysis

The Sahel After Afghanistan

by Russell A. Bermanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel and the states bordering it are sites of significant jihadist activity that will derive considerable encouragement from the Taliban victory in Afghanistan: Islamism will be on the upswing everywhere. In the Sahel in particular, such violent extremism plays out against the backdrop of weak political structures, poor governance, intercommunal conflicts, and profound economic challenges. These are poor states with growing populations.

E.g., 10 / 19 / 2021
E.g., 10 / 19 / 2021
Monday, December 9, 2019

Issue 1924

The Syrian Crisis

Introduction

by Charles Hill Tuesday, December 10, 2019
article

Featured Analysis

by A. Wess Mitchell Thursday, December 12, 2019
article
by Jakub Grygiel Thursday, December 12, 2019
article
by Reuel Marc Gerecht Tuesday, December 17, 2019
article
by Omar Hossino Tuesday, December 17, 2019
article
by Nibras Kazimi Thursday, December 19, 2019
article
by Tony Badran Thursday, December 19, 2019
article
Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Issue 1923

Prospects for Progress for Israel and the Palestinians

Introduction

by Charles Hill Tuesday, September 17, 2019
article

Featured Analysis

by Itamar Rabinovich Thursday, September 19, 2019
article
by Samuel Tadros Thursday, September 19, 2019
article
by Daniel Kurtzer Tuesday, September 24, 2019
article
by Dennis Ross Tuesday, September 24, 2019
article
by Katherine Bauer Thursday, September 26, 2019
article
by Tony Badran Thursday, September 26, 2019
article
by Reuel Marc Gerecht Tuesday, October 1, 2019
article
Tuesday, June 18, 2019

Issue 1922

Competition for influence in the Middle East

Introduction

by Charles Hill Tuesday, June 18, 2019
article

Featured Analysis

by Elana DeLozier Thursday, June 20, 2019
article
by Camille Pecastaing Thursday, June 20, 2019
article
by Reuel Marc Gerecht Tuesday, June 25, 2019
article
by Hafed Al-Ghwell Tuesday, June 25, 2019
article
by Kelly A. Hammond Thursday, June 27, 2019
article
by Tony Badran Thursday, June 27, 2019
article
Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Issue 1921

Toward a Middle East Strategy

Introduction

by Charles Hill Tuesday, March 19, 2019
article

Featured Analysis

by Hal Brands Thursday, March 21, 2019
article
by Henri J. Barkey Thursday, March 21, 2019
article
by Dennis Ross Tuesday, March 26, 2019
article
by Samuel Helfont Tuesday, March 26, 2019
article
by Sanam Vakil Thursday, March 28, 2019
article
by Samuel Tadros Thursday, March 28, 2019
article
by Eric Edelman Tuesday, April 2, 2019
article
by Tony Badran Tuesday, April 2, 2019
article
by Afshin Molavi Thursday, April 4, 2019
article

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Featured Analysis

Saudi Human Rights

by Karen Elliott Housevia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 9, 2021

If the Biden Administration lives up to its campaign promises and early governing pronouncements, human rights will play a larger role in its foreign policy than in that of the Trump Administration.  This isn’t necessarily good news.

Featured Analysis

Egypt's Reckoning

by Samuel Tadrosvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 9, 2021

As a young man, Egypt’s legendary playwright, Tawfiq Al Hakim had worked as an assistant to the Attorney General in the Egyptian countryside. There he would witness firsthand the dismal state of the country’s fellahin and the grave injustices Egypt’s rural population lived under. The experience would leave a profound impact on the young author and would shape his views of Egypt’s ills and the necessity for social change that became evident in his literary works. 

Featured Analysis

Without Human Rights, Any Biden Deal With Iran Will Be Ephemeral

by Masih Alinejad, Kambiz Forooharvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 9, 2021

It has been a tough few months for human rights in Iran. Wrestler Navid Afkari and laborer Mostafa Salehi were executed in quick succession for participating in public protests against the Islamic Republic.

Featured Analysis

Beyond Persecution: Why The Biden Administration Should Support An Agreement Between KNC And PYD

by Eva Savelsbergvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 9, 2021

In April 2020, the US Department of State decided to support the opening of a dialogue between the Kurdish National Council (KNC), an umbrella organization of Syrian-Kurdish political parties close to the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) of Massoud Barzani, and the Democratic Unity Party (PYD), the Syrian branch of the PKK (Kurdistan Worker’s Party).

Featured Analysis

Don’t Let Iran’s Human Rights Be Sacrificed At The Altar Of A Nuclear Deal

by Wang Xiyuevia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 9, 2021

The Islamic Republic of Iran remains one of the world’s worst human right abusers: it has the highest executions per capita; it constantly crushes peaceful assembly and freedom of expression; and it harshly persecutes human rights defenders and civil society activists.

Introduction

The West And The World

by Charles Hillvia The Caravan
Tuesday, March 9, 2021

The idea of “Human Rights” is modern.  Humanity’s history only recently has recognized the need for such a category, and a concomitant need to explain what the category covers and where it comes from.

Featured Analysis

Erdogan Will Play Biden, But Stick To Putin

by Soner Cagaptayvia The Caravan
Wednesday, December 9, 2020

A key foreign policy challenge for President-elect Joe Biden is going to be getting along with Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdogan and managing Washington’s ties with Ankara. To this end, Biden needs to understand the dynamics and fears that inform the decisions of Erdogan, Turkey’s powerful president, including the latter’s view of Russian president Vladimir Putin.

Featured Analysis

Putting Human Rights Into Negotiations With Iran

by Russell A. Bermanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, December 8, 2020

During the presidential campaign, candidate Biden never spared his words criticizing the Trump administration's Iran policy, in particular the decision to withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). This so-called "Iran Deal" was the signature foreign policy accomplishment of the Obama administration, which his successor revoked in May 2018. In its place, the U.S. has been pursuing a "maximum pressure campaign"--if not always consistently--through sanctions, with the goal of forcing Iran back to the negotiating table.

Featured Analysis

Managing The Relationship Between The U.S. And Saudi Arabia

by Bernard Haykelvia The Caravan
Tuesday, December 8, 2020

The new Biden administration will encounter a Middle East that is very different from the one President Trump inherited from President Obama in 2017, and nowhere is the change more obvious than in Saudi Arabia.  The kingdom is undergoing a dramatic process of transformation that includes the unprecedented consolidation of power in the hands of Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman (MBS), the adoption of policies of social liberalization focused primarily on youth and women, and the implementation of a plan for economic diversification to lessen dependence on oil revenue.

Featured Analysis

The Biden Administration Can And Should Rectify America’s Failures In Syria

by Mohammed Alaa Ghanemvia The Caravan
Tuesday, December 8, 2020

It has been almost a decade since the Syrian people rose up against the Assad regime, demanding their freedom. While the world was hesitant to support the protestors, malign powers gladly stepped in to help Assad, creating an unmitigated disaster that has devastated Syria and sent shockwaves around the world.

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The Caravan is envisaged as a periodic symposium on the contemporary dilemmas of the Greater Middle East. It will be a free and candid exchange of opinions. We shall not lack for topics of debate, for that arc of geography has contentions aplenty. It is our intention to come back with urgent topics that engage us. Caravans are full of life and animated companionship. Hence the name we chose for this endeavor.

We will draw on the membership of Hoover's Herbert and Jane Dwight Working Group on the Middle East and the Islamic World, and on colleagues elsewhere who work that same political and cultural landscape. Hoover senior fellow Russell Berman directs the project from which this effort originates.