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The Welcome Effects of Latino Immigration

by Michael Baronevia Hoover Digest
Saturday, January 30, 1999

Since minorities can’t rely on the market to provide jobs and safe neighborhoods, the 1968 Kerner Report suggested, they need something like socialism instead. In the thirty years since, Latino immigrants have proved otherwise. By Hoover media fellow Michael Barone.

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Send Me Your Skilled, Your Trained, Your Electrical Engineers . . .

by Joseph B. Costello, Lance Director Nagelvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, April 30, 1998

Ever heard of an H-1B visa? You would have if you worked in high tech. Hoover fellow Nicholas Imparato joins Joseph B. Costello and Lance Director Nagel in arguing that the computer industry needs immigrants—lots of them.

The Case against Immigration as We Know It

by Peter Brimelowvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, April 30, 1998

The 1965 Immigration Act changed who is allowed to come to America. It also changed America. By Hoover media fellow Peter Brimelow.

Percent Foreign-Born, 1990

The Life and Death of American Cities

by Stephen Moorevia Hoover Digest
Friday, January 30, 1998

Stephen Moore examines the proposition that immigrants impose burdens on the cities where they live, acting as an economic drag. The facts, he finds, suggest otherwise.

Immigration and the Rise and Decline of American Cities

via Analysis
Friday, August 1, 1997

More than half of all immigrants in the United States reside in just seven cities: Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, Miami, San Diego, Houston, and San Francisco. A controversial issue is whether immigrants are a benefit or a burden to these areas. A 1997 National Academy of Sciences study reports that "immigrants add as much as $10 billion to the national economy each year," but "in areas with high concentrations of low-skilled, low-paid immigrants," they impose net costs on U.S.-born workers. This essay questions that finding.

Examining a range of economic variables for the eighty-five largest U.S. cities over the period 1980–1994, this essay finds that those cities with heavy concentrations of immigrants outperformed cities with few immigrants. Compared with low-immigrant cities, high-immigrant cities had double the job creation rate, higher per capita incomes, lower poverty rates, and 20 percent less crime. Unemployment rates, however, were unusually large in high-immigrant cities. These findings do not answer the critical questions of whether the immigrants cause the better urban conditions or whether benign urban conditions attract the immigrants. But the essay does refute the assertion that the economic decline of cities is caused by immigration; that assertion cannot be true because, with few exceptions, the U.S. cities in greatest despair today--Detroit, Saint Louis, Buffalo, Rochester, Gary--have virtually no immigrants.

Profiles in Citizenship

by John J. Millervia Policy Review
Thursday, May 1, 1997

How Frances Kellor turned immigrants into patriots

The Naturalizers

by John J. Millervia Policy Review
Monday, July 1, 1996

Raising the standards for American citizenship

Culture Wars in America

by Edward Paul Lazearvia Analysis
Monday, July 1, 1996

Economic necessity forces immigrants and minority members to acquire the culture and speak the language of the majority. A non-English speaker who lives in a community in which many speak the language of his native land may never learn English. The same person might learn English quickly were he or she to find him- or herself in a community where only English is spoken.

Culture wars threaten to diminish America's ability to absorb new immigrants and to benefit from the diversity already present in our country. Much of the conflict is generated by government policy that reduces the incentives to become assimilated and exacerbates differences in the population. Education in one's native language, unbalanced immigration policies that result in large and stable ghettos, welfare availability, and encouragement of a multilingual society by allowing citizens to vote in languages other than English all reduce incentives to become assimilated. This essay explores patterns of cultural assimilation over time and makes policy recommendations that may bring a quicker end to the culture wars.


Immigration Reform Initiative

The Conte Initiative on Immigration Reform aims to improve immigration law by providing innovative ideas and clear improvements to every part of the system, from border security to green cards to temporary work visas.