Terrorism

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The New Terror: Facing the Threat of Biological and Chemical Weapons

via Hoover Institution Press
Thursday, November 11, 1999

Leading thinkers answer questions about biological and chemical weapons.

Preventive Defense

by William J. Perry, Ash Cartervia Hoover Digest
Saturday, October 30, 1999

The post–Cold War era is in many ways proving more dangerous and unpredictable than the era of the Cold War itself. Hoover fellow and former secretary of defense William J. Perry and Ashton B. Carter offer a defense strategy for the scary new world.

The Administration Gets It Half Right

by Abraham D. Sofaervia Hoover Digest
Friday, July 30, 1999

Hoover fellow Abraham D. Sofaer explains what’s right—and wrong—with the administration’s latest antiterrorism proposal.

It Can Happen Here

by Richard J. Danzigvia Hoover Digest
Friday, April 30, 1999

The prospect of a biological or chemical attack is no longer hypothetical. By Secretary of the Navy Richard J. Danzig.

Why We're Allowed to Hit Back

by Abraham D. Sofaervia Hoover Digest
Friday, April 30, 1999

The legal basis for attacks on terrorists? In a word, self-defense. By Hoover fellow Abraham D. Sofaer.

Using Power and Diplomacy To Deal With Rogue States

by Thomas H. Henriksenvia Analysis
Monday, February 1, 1999

The end of the cold war a decade ago has ushered in a greatly transformed international landscape. Instead of a pacific era of peace and political harmony, the world, and particularly the United States, has been confronted with a menacing challenge of rogue regimes whose propensity for violence is matched by their intentions to disrupt regional stability, contribute to outlaw behavior worldwide, or to possess weapons of mass destruction. Ruthless rogues also endanger American interests and citizens by their active or passive sponsorship of terrorism. If left unchecked, rogue states like Iraq, North Korea, Iran, Libya, and others will threaten innocent populations, undermine international norms, and spawn other pariah regimes, as the global order becomes tolerant of this political malignancy.

As a major beneficiary of a global order of free markets, free trade, growing prosperity and spreading democracy, the United States, the world's sole superpower, must take the lead in confronting rogue governments, even though our allies may balk from time to time. Specifically, American power should be used to enhance the credibility of our diplomacy. Law and diplomacy alone are unlikely to affect rogue dictators. They must be reinforced with power. Four broad policy options, which in most cases should be combined rather than implemented individually, can be applied:

  • Sanctions and isolation to achieve containment of and inflict economic damage on a rogue state
  • International courts and domestic prosecution to bring rogue criminals to justice
  • Shows of strength and armed interventions to coerce or eliminate rogue regimes
  • Support for opposition movements or covert operations to oust rogue figures

Unless the United States addresses the challenge of rogue states with a combination of force and diplomacy, the new millennium will witness a widening of global anarchy, deteriorating progress toward economic development, and declining political reform. Dire consequences await the United States if it fails to react forcefully to international roguery.

The comments of my colleagues Charlie Hill, James Noyes, Henry Rowen, and Abraham Sofaer were helpful and are gratefully acknowledged along with those from Addison Davis, David Gillette, Bradley Murphy, Douglas Neumann, Piers Turner, and Robin Wright.

Five Ways to Beat the Thugs

by Abraham D. Sofaervia Hoover Digest
Saturday, January 30, 1999

Hoover fellow Abraham D. Sofaer on steps we must take to counter the terrorist threat.

Triple Threat

by William J. Perry, George P. Shultz, Peter M. Robinsonvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, July 30, 1998

Hoover fellows William J. Perry and George P. Shultz—the former secretaries of defense and state—recently spent a morning talking with Hoover fellow Peter Robinson. Asked about three security concerns—Russia, China, and terrorism—the former secretaries were reassuring, but only on two out of three.

No Nukes Is Bad Nukes

by Tom Bethellvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 30, 1997

Despite a growing nuclear threat from Third World countries and terrorist groups, the United States is getting rid of its own nuclear weapons as fast as it can. Hoover media fellow Tom Bethell reports on what amounts to unilateral disarmament.

How to Keep Nuclear Weapons out of Terrorists' Hands

by Jessica Sternvia Hoover Digest
Tuesday, April 30, 1996

Nuclear smuggling has become a grave problem. National Fellow Jessica Stern tells how to prevent a calamity.

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