Factions, argued James Madison in Federalist No. 10, had ever been the bane of governments grounded in the consent of the governed. However, an improved political science informed the new charter of government that he and his fellow delegates drafted a few months before in Philadelphia over the course of the summer of 1787. Well-designed institutions that minimized freedom’s costs offered a more promising approach to preserving freedom. So effective is Madisonian political science that it provides remedies for such up-to-date threats to freedom as social media and the giant companies that monopolize the provision of information about us and about others.
In May, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin announced that the planned redesign of the $20 bill featuring Harriet Tubman would not be unveiled in 2020. With or without having her face on the $20, Tubman is the kind of historical figure who deserves more public attention.
While the academic study of military history is in a state of sickness unto death in the academy, it lives because of its popularity with the American people. In his terrific essay “Why study war,” Victor Davis Hanson observes:
There was laughter, merriment, even some horseplay. I noticed it not because it was loud, but because of where it was happening, 40 feet from one of the two memorial pools at ground zero in lower Manhattan.