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How the Mob Rules Russia

by Richard F. Staarvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 30, 1997

Responsible sources estimate that two-fifths of the Russian economy is already in the hands of organized crime. Hoover fellow Richard F. Staar explains how the mob runs entire regions of the biggest country on earth-and exerts influence in the Kremlin itself.

American Commercial Law: A Brief Celebration

by Robert E. Hall, Susan E. Woodwardvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 30, 1997

Hoover fellow Robert E. Hall and economist Susan E. Woodward examine our much-maligned system of commercial law-and find that it works pretty darned well. Why the United States doesn't have too many lawyers.

Why Mafias Develop

by Annelise Andersonvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 30, 1997

Mafias operate in Sicily, the United States, Russia, and elsewhere. Hoover fellow Annelise Anderson examines the economics of organized crime.

U.S. Foreign Policy and Intellectual Property Rights in Latin America

by Edgardo Buscagliavia Analysis
Tuesday, April 1, 1997

This essay presents a legal and economic analysis of U.S. foreign policy regarding the protection of U.S. intellectual property rights in Latin America. Piracy of U.S. intellectual property in foreign markets costs American businesses up to $80 billion in losses each year. U.S. companies are estimated to lose one dollar to inadequate protection of intellectual property rights for every three dollars of revenue gained from exported products.

First, we explain the forces behind the move to strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights in Latin America. We examine the double-sided problem of intellectual property rights reform: the lack of adequate standards for intellectual property protection and the weakness of enforcement mechanisms (i.e., courts and administrative authorities). We also explain how, under the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Latin American nations have committed to raising their standards of intellectual property protection.

Second, we explore current attempts at reform and the problems impeding further improvements, such as the lack of political stability, corruption within the legislatures, the use of intellectual property as an economic and foreign policy tool, the short-term incentives for politicians facing reelection to support local pirate industries, and the institutional failure of courts and administrative agencies throughout Latin America.

Finally, we outline the implications for U.S. foreign policy. Foreign economic pressures, coupled with regional trade pacts such as Mercosur, can be used to affect the costs and benefits of reform as perceived by Latin American politicians and business leaders. We conclude that although Latin American nations have traditionally considered intellectual property to be "the heritage of humanity" rather than a privately held asset, as they struggle to attract world-class technologies to their shores, Latin American countries are slowly realizing that they must reform their systems of intellectual property rights if they are to succeed in an age of high technology.

Laboratories of Democracy

by Suzanne B. Laportevia Policy Review
Saturday, March 1, 1997

Download your local sheriff

Crime and Management

by Joseph D. McNamaravia Hoover Digest
Thursday, January 30, 1997

Former San Jose, California, chief of police and Hoover fellow Joseph D. McNamara believes that if law enforcement were an industry, the nation's police force would qualify as a "mature organization saddled with a monopoly-minded culture." How McNamara turned the force in San Jose around.

The Imperial Judiciary—And What Congress Can Do About It

by Edwin Meese IIIvia Policy Review
Wednesday, January 1, 1997

Unelected federal judges are using their awesome power to usurp democracy from the American people.

The Debate in the United States over Immigration

via Books by Hoover Fellows
Wednesday, January 1, 1997

These essays examine economic, political, social, and legal issues related to immigration into the United States—from compelling arguments for limited immigration to forceful arguments for open borders. They assess the benefits and costs of immigration and its impact on education, social welfare, and health care.

Three Cheers for Three Strikes

by Dan Lungren via Policy Review
Friday, November 1, 1996

California enjoys a record drop in crime

Lessons from Abroad

by Heidi Goldsmithvia Policy Review
Friday, November 1, 1996

Shalom for at-risk youth


Research Teams