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An Empirical Examination of Patent Hold-Up

by Alexander Galetovic, Stephen Haber, Ross Levinevia IP2 Working Paper Series
Monday, March 30, 2015

IP² Working Paper No. 15010 - A large literature asserts that standard essential patents (SEPs) allow their owners to “hold up” innovation by charging fees that exceed their incremental contribution to a final product.

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Why Do Inventors Sell to Patent Trolls? Experimental Evidence for the Asymmetry Hypothesis

by Stephen Haber, Seth H. Werfelvia IP2 Working Paper Series
Friday, January 23, 2015

IP² Working Paper No. 15009 - Why do individual patent holders assign their patents to “trolls” rather than license their technologies directly to manufacturers or assert them through litigation?

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Are Patent Disclosure and Definiteness Technology Specific?

by John R. Allison, Lisa Larrimore Ouelettevia IP2 Working Paper Series
Friday, January 23, 2015

IP² Working Paper No. 15007 - Although the Patent Act is designed to be uniform across technologies, the conventional wisdom among close watchers of the patent system is that courts have reached very different outcomes when applying the disclosure (enablement and written description) and claim definiteness requirements to different technologies and industries.

The Layered Patent System

by Michael Rischvia IP2 Working Paper Series
Thursday, January 15, 2015

IP² Working Paper No. 15006 - The patent system is usually described in terms of opposites, like producers versus trolls or software versus pharma.

Patents and Cumulative Innovation: Causal Evidence from the Courts

by Alberto Galasso, Mark Schankermanvia IP2 Working Paper Series
Thursday, January 15, 2015

IP² Working Paper No. 15005 - Cumulative innovation is central to economic growth. Do patent rights facilitate or impede follow-on innovation?

The Acquisition and Commercialization of Invention in American Manufacturing: Incidence and Impact

by Ashish Arora, Wesley M. Cohen, John P. Walshvia IP2 Working Paper Series
Thursday, January 15, 2015

IP² Working Paper No. 15004 - Recent accounts suggest the development and commercialization of invention has become more “open.” 

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