Paul R. Gregory

Research Fellow

Paul Gregory is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. He holds an endowed professorship in the Department of Economics at the University of Houston, Texas, is a research professor at the German Institute for Economic Research in Berlin, and is emeritus chair of the International Advisory Board of the Kiev School of Economics. Gregory has held visiting teaching appointments at Moscow State University, Viadrina University, and the Free University of Berlin. He blogs on national and international economic topics at and

The holder of a PhD in economics from Harvard University, he is the author or coauthor of twelve books and more than one hundred articles on economic history, the Soviet economy, transition economies, comparative economics, and economic demography. Gregory’s economics papers have been published in American Economic Review, Econometrica, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Political Economy, Journal of Economic History, and the Journal of Comparative Economics.  His most recent books are Women of the Gulag: Portraits of Five Remarkable Lives (Hoover Institution Press, 2013), Politics, Murder, and Love in Stalin's Kremlin: The Story of Nikolai Bukharin and Anna Larina (Hoover Institution Press, 2010), Lenin’s Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives (Hoover Institution Press, 2008), Terror by Quota (Yale, 2009), and The Political Economy of Stalinism (Cambridge, 2004), which won the Hewett Prize. He edited The Lost Transcripts of the Politburo (Yale, 2008), Behind the Façade of Stalin's Command Economy (Hoover, 2001), and The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag (Hoover, 2003). The work of his Hoover Soviet Archives Research Project team is summarized in "Allocation under Dictatorship: Research in Stalin's Archive" (coauthored with Hoover fellow Mark Harrison), published in the Journal of Economic Literature.

Gregory has also published The Global Economy and Its Economic Systems (Cengage, 2013) and is working with director Marianna Yarovskaya on a film documentary entitled Women of the Gulag.

Gregory also served on the editorial board of the seven-volume Gulag documentary series entitled The History of the Stalin Gulag, published jointly by the Hoover Institution and the Russian Archival Service. He also serves or has served on the editorial boards of Comparative Economic Studies, Slavic Review, Journal of Comparative Economics, Problems of Post-Communism, and Explorations in Economic History.

His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.

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Recent Commentary

Analysis and Commentary

Peddling Stalin

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Moscow Times
Tuesday, January 20, 2009

Russian and foreign scholars took on Stalin at the International Conference on Stalinism held last month in Moscow...

Who’s in charge, Vladimir Putin or Dmitry Medvedev? By Paul Gregory

Moscow’s Leading Question

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, October 15, 2008

Who’s in charge, Vladimir Putin or Dmitry Medvedev? There is no simple answer. By Paul R. Gregory.

Analysis and Commentary

Lessons for North Korea?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Washington Times
Sunday, October 12, 2008

The Soviet Union did not change and failed; China changed with remarkable success...

Soviet GDP Growth in Comparative Perspective

How the Soviet System Cracked

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Policy Review
Wednesday, October 1, 2008

Shifting incentives, miscalculation at the top

Analysis and Commentary

Punishing Putin?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Washington Times
Sunday, September 7, 2008

Can the United States and the West punish Vladimir Putin for his hot war on Georgia in a way that catches his attention?...

Father Stanislaw Jasinski, representative of the bishop of Krakow, prays over the mass graves

Exhuming Secrets

by Paul R. Gregory, Maciej Siekierskivia Hoover Digest
Friday, June 27, 2008

Moscow is still trying to hide what really happened in the 1940 Katyn massacre. Why the truth won’t stay buried. By Paul R. Gregory and Maciej Siekierski.

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Lenin's Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Books by Hoover Fellows
Friday, February 22, 2008

An enlightening look into the once-secret Soviet state and party archives that Western scholars first gained access to in the early 1990s.

picture of Josef Stalin riding in a car

Watching Stalin Win

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Transcripts of power sturggles in the Politburo, unseen for more than 70 years, are about to be published. Paul R. Gregory on a major historical find.

Analysis and Commentary

Kremlinology redux

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Washington Times
Monday, October 15, 2007

Just when we thought we had things figured out, Russian President Vladimir Putin did the unexpected...

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The Soviet Quagmire

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Digest
Sunday, April 1, 2007

Secret documents show how the Kremlin persuaded itself to invade Afghanistan in 1979 against its own best advice. By Paul R. Gregory.