Paul R. Gregory

Research Fellow

Paul Gregory is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. He holds an endowed professorship in the Department of Economics at the University of Houston, Texas, is a research professor at the German Institute for Economic Research in Berlin, and is emeritus chair of the International Advisory Board of the Kiev School of Economics. Gregory has held visiting teaching appointments at Moscow State University, Viadrina University, and the Free University of Berlin. He blogs on national and international economic topics at and

The holder of a PhD in economics from Harvard University, he is the author or coauthor of twelve books and more than one hundred articles on economic history, the Soviet economy, transition economies, comparative economics, and economic demography. Gregory’s economics papers have been published in American Economic Review, Econometrica, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Political Economy, Journal of Economic History, and the Journal of Comparative Economics.  His most recent books are Women of the Gulag: Portraits of Five Remarkable Lives (Hoover Institution Press, 2013), Politics, Murder, and Love in Stalin's Kremlin: The Story of Nikolai Bukharin and Anna Larina (Hoover Institution Press, 2010), Lenin’s Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives (Hoover Institution Press, 2008), Terror by Quota (Yale, 2009), and The Political Economy of Stalinism (Cambridge, 2004), which won the Hewett Prize. He edited The Lost Transcripts of the Politburo (Yale, 2008), Behind the Façade of Stalin's Command Economy (Hoover, 2001), and The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag (Hoover, 2003). The work of his Hoover Soviet Archives Research Project team is summarized in "Allocation under Dictatorship: Research in Stalin's Archive" (coauthored with Hoover fellow Mark Harrison), published in the Journal of Economic Literature.

Gregory has also published The Global Economy and Its Economic Systems (Cengage, 2013) and is working with director Marianna Yarovskaya on a film documentary entitled Women of the Gulag.

Gregory also served on the editorial board of the seven-volume Gulag documentary series entitled The History of the Stalin Gulag, published jointly by the Hoover Institution and the Russian Archival Service. He also serves or has served on the editorial boards of Comparative Economic Studies, Slavic Review, Journal of Comparative Economics, Problems of Post-Communism, and Explorations in Economic History.

His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.

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Recent Commentary

Martyred for Communism

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Digest
Friday, July 2, 2010

Nikolai Bukharin, a victim of Stalin’s show trials, believed that he and the Soviet revolution would one day be vindicated. But the future discarded them both. By Paul R. Gregory.

Chiang Chooses His Enemies

Chiang Chooses His Enemies

by Paul R. Gregory, Hsiao-ting Lin, Lisa Nguyenvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Chiang Kai-shek’s Shanghai purge did more than intensify the Chinese civil war. It hastened the final clash between Trotsky and Stalin. Three perspectives on the story. By Paul R. Gregory, Hsiao-ting Lin, and Lisa Nguyen.

How China Won and Russia Lost

by Paul R. Gregory, Kate Zhouvia Policy Review
Tuesday, December 1, 2009

Two dissimilar economic paths

In the News

Did Stalin Poison Lenin?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia What Paul Gregory Is Thinking About (Blog)
Monday, June 15, 2009

In the Hoover Institution Archives’s Volkogonov microfilm collection, there is a remarkable document dated March 23, 1923 from Joseph Stalin to the Politburo...

In the News

Lessons from History: The Twentieth Anniversary of the Soviet Withdrawal From Afghanistan

by Paul R. Gregoryvia What Paul Gregory Is Thinking About (Blog)
Sunday, March 1, 2009

The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in December of 1979...

Analysis and Commentary

Peddling Stalin

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Moscow Times
Tuesday, January 20, 2009

Russian and foreign scholars took on Stalin at the International Conference on Stalinism held last month in Moscow...

Who’s in charge, Vladimir Putin or Dmitry Medvedev? By Paul Gregory

Moscow’s Leading Question

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, October 15, 2008

Who’s in charge, Vladimir Putin or Dmitry Medvedev? There is no simple answer. By Paul R. Gregory.

Analysis and Commentary

Lessons for North Korea?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Washington Times
Sunday, October 12, 2008

The Soviet Union did not change and failed; China changed with remarkable success...

Soviet GDP Growth in Comparative Perspective

How the Soviet System Cracked

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Policy Review
Wednesday, October 1, 2008

Shifting incentives, miscalculation at the top

Analysis and Commentary

Punishing Putin?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Washington Times
Sunday, September 7, 2008

Can the United States and the West punish Vladimir Putin for his hot war on Georgia in a way that catches his attention?...