Paul R. Gregory

Research Fellow

Paul Gregory is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. He holds an endowed professorship in the Department of Economics at the University of Houston, Texas, is a research professor at the German Institute for Economic Research in Berlin, and is emeritus chair of the International Advisory Board of the Kiev School of Economics. Gregory has held visiting teaching appointments at Moscow State University, Viadrina University, and the Free University of Berlin. He blogs on national and international economic topics at and

The holder of a PhD in economics from Harvard University, he is the author or coauthor of twelve books and more than one hundred articles on economic history, the Soviet economy, transition economies, comparative economics, and economic demography. Gregory’s economics papers have been published in American Economic Review, Econometrica, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Political Economy, Journal of Economic History, and the Journal of Comparative Economics.  His most recent books are Women of the Gulag: Portraits of Five Remarkable Lives (Hoover Institution Press, 2013), Politics, Murder, and Love in Stalin's Kremlin: The Story of Nikolai Bukharin and Anna Larina (Hoover Institution Press, 2010), Lenin’s Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives (Hoover Institution Press, 2008), Terror by Quota (Yale, 2009), and The Political Economy of Stalinism (Cambridge, 2004), which won the Hewett Prize. He edited The Lost Transcripts of the Politburo (Yale, 2008), Behind the Façade of Stalin's Command Economy (Hoover, 2001), and The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag (Hoover, 2003). The work of his Hoover Soviet Archives Research Project team is summarized in "Allocation under Dictatorship: Research in Stalin's Archive" (coauthored with Hoover fellow Mark Harrison), published in the Journal of Economic Literature.

Gregory has also published The Global Economy and Its Economic Systems (Cengage, 2013) and is working with director Marianna Yarovskaya on a film documentary entitled Women of the Gulag.

Gregory also served on the editorial board of the seven-volume Gulag documentary series entitled The History of the Stalin Gulag, published jointly by the Hoover Institution and the Russian Archival Service. He also serves or has served on the editorial boards of Comparative Economic Studies, Slavic Review, Journal of Comparative Economics, Problems of Post-Communism, and Explorations in Economic History.

His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.

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Recent Commentary

Why Germany’s Unemployment Rate is Lower

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Advancing a Free Society
Thursday, October 7, 2010

Michael Warren in his article “Why Germany’s Unemployment Rate is Lower” concludes that Germany’s practice of Kurzarbeit (“short work”) is a primary factor behind Germany’s shrinking unemployment rate.

Successions in Moscow, Pyongyang and Caracas

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Advancing a Free Society
Tuesday, September 28, 2010

It has been a remarkable three days. In Moscow, Russia’s third most important political figure, Yury Luzhokv, the long-serving mayor of Moscow, was unceremoniously sacked. In Pyong-Yang, the son of Kim Jong-Il was named a major general.

Do We Need a New Economics 101?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Advancing a Free Society
Tuesday, September 7, 2010

As we began to write our Principles of Economics text (Roy Ruffin and Paul Gregory, Principles of Economics) exactly thirty years ago, economics was in disarray, shaken by the stagflation that was not supposed to be.

General Motors “Profit”

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Advancing a Free Society
Thursday, August 19, 2010

We are being told that the turnaround in General Motors profit is a remarkable success for its management and for its majority shareholders (the US and Canadian governments), who now hold about seventy percent of its stock.

The Low Cost of Korean Unification

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Advancing a Free Society
Tuesday, August 17, 2010

The Korean President has proposed a reunification tax to prepare for the presumed high cost of Korean reunification. The North has predictably responded with anger and saber rattling.

Russian Agriculture: The Story No One is Telling

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Advancing a Free Society
Thursday, August 12, 2010

Drought will cut Russia’s grain harvest by one quarter. Vladimir Putin, in a burst of populism, bans the export of grain. Grain futures rise in world markets.

Analysis and Commentary

The Treasure Trove of the Soviet Archives

by Paul R. Gregoryvia History News Network
Monday, July 19, 2010

The Soviet state and party archives, which began to be released for scholarly use in the early 1990s, offer a rare opportunity to write history using the very words of those who made history...

Martyred for Communism

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Digest
Friday, July 2, 2010

Nikolai Bukharin, a victim of Stalin’s show trials, believed that he and the Soviet revolution would one day be vindicated. But the future discarded them both. By Paul R. Gregory.

Chiang Chooses His Enemies

Chiang Chooses His Enemies

by Paul R. Gregory, Hsiao-ting Lin, Lisa Nguyenvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Chiang Kai-shek’s Shanghai purge did more than intensify the Chinese civil war. It hastened the final clash between Trotsky and Stalin. Three perspectives on the story. By Paul R. Gregory, Hsiao-ting Lin, and Lisa Nguyen.

How China Won and Russia Lost

by Paul R. Gregory, Kate Zhouvia Policy Review
Tuesday, December 1, 2009

Two dissimilar economic paths