Paul R. Gregory

Research Fellow

Paul Gregory is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. He is Cullen Professor Emeritus in the Department of Economics at the University of Houston, a research fellow at the German Institute for Economic Research in Berlin, and emeritus chair of the International Advisory Board of the Kiev School of Economics. Gregory has held visiting teaching appointments at Moscow State University and the Free University of Berlin.

Gregory was the director of the Russian Petroleum Legislation Project of the University of Houston Law Center from 1992 to 1997 and has written broadly on Russian energy.

The holder of a PhD in economics from Harvard University, he is the author or coauthor of twelve books and more than one hundred articles on economic history, the Soviet economy, transition economies, comparative economics, and economic demography. His most recent books are Women of the Gulag: Portraits of Five Remarkable Lives (Hoover Institution Press, 2013), Politics, Murder, and Love in Stalin’s Kremlin: The Story of Nikolai Bukharin and Anna Larina (Hoover Institution Press, 2010), Lenin’s Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives (Hoover Institution Press, 2008), Terror by Quota (Yale, 2009), and The Political Economy of Stalinism (Cambridge, 2004), for which he received the Hewett Prize, awarded to works on the political economy of Russia, Eurasia, or Eastern Europe. He co-edited The Lost Transcripts of the Politburo (Yale, 2008). His archival work is summarized in “Allocation under Dictatorship: Research in Stalin’s Archive” (Journal of Economic Literature.) As a producer, Gregory worked with director Marianna Yarovskaya on the documentary film Women of the Gulag, which was short-listed for the 2019 Academy Awards.

Gregory blogs for Defining Ideas and The Hill and tweets at #PaulR_Gregory.

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Recent Commentary

Soviet GDP Growth in Comparative Perspective

How the Soviet System Cracked

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Policy Review
Wednesday, October 1, 2008

Shifting incentives, miscalculation at the top

Analysis and Commentary

Punishing Putin?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Washington Times
Sunday, September 7, 2008

Can the United States and the West punish Vladimir Putin for his hot war on Georgia in a way that catches his attention?...

Father Stanislaw Jasinski, representative of the bishop of Krakow, prays over the mass graves

Exhuming Secrets

by Paul R. Gregory, Maciej Siekierskivia Hoover Digest
Friday, June 27, 2008

Moscow is still trying to hide what really happened in the 1940 Katyn massacre. Why the truth won’t stay buried. By Paul R. Gregory and Maciej Siekierski.

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Lenin's Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Institution Press
Friday, February 22, 2008

An enlightening look into the once-secret Soviet state and party archives that Western scholars first gained access to in the early 1990s. Paul Gregory breaks down a decades-old wall of secrecy to reveal intriguing new information on such subjects as Stalin's Great Terror, the day-to-day life of Gulag guards, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the scientific study of Lenin's brain, and other fascinating tales.

picture of Josef Stalin riding in a car

Watching Stalin Win

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, October 18, 2007

Transcripts of power sturggles in the Politburo, unseen for more than 70 years, are about to be published. Paul R. Gregory on a major historical find.

Analysis and Commentary

Kremlinology redux

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Washington Times
Monday, October 15, 2007

Just when we thought we had things figured out, Russian President Vladimir Putin did the unexpected...

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The Soviet Quagmire

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Digest
Sunday, April 1, 2007

Secret documents show how the Kremlin persuaded itself to invade Afghanistan in 1979 against its own best advice. By Paul R. Gregory.

The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag

The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag

by Paul R. Gregory, Valery Lazarevvia Hoover Institution Press
Wednesday, October 22, 2003

"This is a collection of studies that elucidate the internal mechanisms of the Gulag-system, making use of Soviet archival materials. Books like this one make important contributions to the great agenda of explaining Stalinism in practice." —Klaus Segbers, professor for political science, Institute for East European Studies, Department of Political Science, Free University of Berlin

Behind the Façade of Stalin's Command Economy: Evidence from the Soviet State and Party Archives

Behind the Façade of Stalin's Command Economy: Evidence from the Soviet State and Party Archives

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Institution Press
Wednesday, July 18, 2001

Examining the period from the early 1930s through Stalin's death in 1953—the height of the Stalinist regime—this enlightening book reveals what we have learned from the archives, what has surprised us, and what has confirmed what we already knew.