Serge Schmemann is a member of the editorial board of the New York Times based in Paris, focusing on international issues. He was for many years the Times bureau chief in Moscow, and was also posted to South Africa, Germany, Israel, and the United Nations. He was deputy foreign editor of the Times from 1999 to 2001. Schmemann was awarded a Pulitzer Prize in 1991 for coverage of the reunification of Germany and an Emmy in 2003 for his work on a television documentary about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He wrote Echoes of a Native Land: Two Centuries of a Russian Village (Vintage, 1997) and When the Wall Came Down: The Berlin Wall and the Fall of Soviet Communism (New York Times, 2006).