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Implications of the Ascendant Chinese Presence in the Mediterranean for Europe and the United States

by Hy Rothsteinvia Strategika
Friday, January 10, 2020

The growing Chinese presence and activism in the Mediterranean, an area beyond Beijing’s core interest areas in the East and South China Seas, are raising new questions about China’s conception of the future world order. The key question is whether China’s economic expansion is a case of the flag following international trade, or is trade a mechanism to expand global presence, influence, and control. The answer to this question may adversely impact the way of life for Europeans and Americans.

In the News

Why Did Iran's IRGC, Not Its Proxies, Attack US Bases In Iraq?

quoting Abbas Milanivia VOA
Friday, January 10, 2020

The recent launch of ballistic missiles against U.S. military air bases in Iraq, in response to the U.S. killing of top Iranian military leader Qassem Soleimani, was immediately claimed by the country’s powerful Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). 

Blank Section (Placeholder)EssaysAnalysis and Commentary

The Discourse Of Control And Consent Over Data In EU Data Protection Law And Beyond

by Elettra Biettivia Aegis Paper Series
Friday, January 10, 2020

Across the United States and Europe, the act of clicking “I have read and agree” to terms of service is the central legitimating device for global tech platforms’ data-driven activities. In the European Union, the General Data Protection Regulation has recently come into force, introducing stringent new criteria for consent and stronger protections for individuals. 

Featured

False Analogies: The Heart Of Fake Foreign Policy News

by Bruce Thorntonvia FrontPage Mag.com
Friday, January 10, 2020

Under Trump, we’re starting to see the jihadist terror for what it really is.

Related Commentary

The Mediterranean: Britain’s Lake, America’s Burden, and U.S. Strategic Thought

by Ralph Petersvia Strategika
Friday, January 10, 2020

The salient point about U.S. strategic thought and the Mediterranean is that, for most of our history, we didn’t think about it. Between our feud with the Barbary pirates and our World War II engagement in that wine-dark sea, we accepted that the Med was a British lake, in which the Royal Navy would guarantee security for trade and wartime dominance. 

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Competition in the Mediterranean

by Mark Moyarvia Strategika
Friday, January 10, 2020

During the Cold War, and for more than two decades after the Cold War, the United States was the dominant power in the Mediterranean. Barack Obama’s reduction of the U.S. military presence in the Mediterranean and the ensuing Russian intervention in Syria in 2015 allowed Russia to gain in influence at the expense of the United States. 

Related Commentary

To what degree has the importance of the Mediterranean waxed or waned in American strategic thinking?

by Peter R. Mansoorvia Strategika
Friday, January 10, 2020

The United States has a long history with the Mediterranean littoral. The first American overseas military expedition, the war against the Barbary pirates, took place in the Mediterranean in the first decade and a half of the 19th century. Although U.S. naval operations and Marine expeditions against the North African states of Morocco, Tripoli, Algiers, and Tunis did not immediately end piracy against American vessels, they did signal the willingness of the United States to use military force in the furtherance of its national security interests beyond its shores.

Related Commentary

The Prudence and Limits of President Trump’s Strategy of Recalibrating American Engagement in the Middle East

by Robert G. Kaufmanvia Strategika
Friday, January 10, 2020

For too long, the Middle East has dominated American foreign policy agenda to the detriment of addressing the nation’s most significant long-term challenges. The Trump Administration’s National Security Strategy has begun prudently to correct that, recalibrating America’s ranking of interests and threats to reflect geopolitical realities.

Related CommentaryAnalysis and CommentaryNational Security

Roiling The Waters: Changing Alignments, New Threats, And American Withdrawal Symptoms In The Contemporary Mediterranean

by Josef Joffevia Strategika
Friday, January 10, 2020

The Mediterranean is destiny, the cradle of our civilization. Think Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Persia, then Jerusalem, Athens, and Rome. What the Romans called “Mare Nostrum”—our sea—joined three continents. It was the highway of trade and culture, conquest and war. The basin was practically the world then, and a constant object of desire. This is where civilizations clashed and empires rose and fell for millennia.

Related Commentary

The Importance of the Mediterranean Sea

by Jakub Grygielvia Strategika
Friday, January 10, 2020

The Mediterranean Sea is one of Europe’s inland seas, linking the continent with the rest of Eurasia, and most immediately with the Middle East and Africa. As such, it has two characteristics. First, its strategic relevance to outside powers (such as the United States) depends on whether they deem European political dynamics of vital interest. If continental Europe (and to a lesser degree the Middle East) loses geopolitical appeal, then the Mediterranean is of little significance.

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