Islamism and the International Order Working Group

Explore Research

Filter By:

Topic

Type

Author

Enter comma-separated ID numbers for authors

Support the Hoover Institution

Join the Hoover Institution's community of supporters in advancing ideas defining a free society.

Support Hoover

Blank Section (Placeholder)

From the Iranian Corridor to the Shia Crescent

by Fabrice Balanche via Analysis
Friday, August 17, 2018

Tehran’s long-term strategy to fortify the Iranian Corridor as a Shiite Crescent requires demographic reengineering. Iran and its allies must be able to rely on a loyal population because of the solidarity it provides at the sectarian level.The attempt to reduce the Sunni numerical advantage is real, but it has had limited results. Even, if viewing the Levant as largely Sunni dominated is a mistake, it seems difficult for Iran to reverse the demographic balance. In contrast, the strategy of promoting internal division among the Sunni promises to be more effective.

Blank Section (Placeholder)Featured

Iran On The Brink: Challenges And Opportunities For Washington

by Sanam Vakilvia Analysis
Tuesday, July 17, 2018

In this essay, Sanam Vakil assesses the four interconnected economic, regional, domestic, and nuclear deal challenges besetting Iran. These challenges have emerged due to renewed US pressure against Iran but also stem from Iran’s endemic factional tensions between pragmatists and conservatives and their ideological differences on how to best protect the Islamic Republic. Vakil also argues that the gravity of these challenges offers a unique opportunity to the Trump administration to move beyond its traditional containment policy toward a meaningful grand strategy to reduce US-Iranian tensions. 

Blank Section (Placeholder)Featured

The Sorrows Of Egypt Revisited

by Samuel Tadrosvia Analysis
Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Does Egypt still have a place in the US grand strategy? For many pundits in Washington the answer is a resounding no. From every corner of the US foreign policy community frustration abounds with Egypt. If, however, the United States is ever capable of understanding its troublesome ally and salvaging what remains of the US–Egyptian alliance, it must tread carefully, following Fouad Ajami’s steps, and approach the Egypt of reality, and not that of imagination. It must take a voyage to “a jaded country,” as Ajami called it, and visit the land of sorrows.

Blank Section (Placeholder)Featured

Russia And The World of Islam: Within And Without

by Robert Servicevia Analysis
Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Of all the world's great powers, Russia has the longest and most tangled experience of Islam at home and abroad. Muslims have led or taken part in revolts.  Chechnya is only the latest such rebellion against Russian rule. Tsars, commissars, and now presidents have had to contend with internal difficulties that are aggravated by external Islamic interference. They have also intervened actively in Muslim countries in the "near abroad" and in the Middle East. This makes for danger in world politics.

Blank Section (Placeholder)Analysis and Commentary

Countering Islamism In The Middle East

by Dennis Rossvia Analysis
Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Countering Islamism requires several elements. First is defining the term and understanding that Islam is one of the world’s great faiths and that Islamism is not a religion but an ideology of power and control.  Second is recognizing that radical Islamists seek to use that ideology to gain control for a violent, exclusionary, and expansionary agenda.  Third is realizing that radical Islamists are both Sunni and Shia.  The Sunnis, in the case of the Islamic State, must be defeated and the idea must be discredited—and only other Sunnis can do that.

Blank Section (Placeholder)Analysis and Commentary

Assad's Lethal Peace Deals

by Mohammed Alaa Ghanemvia Analysis
Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Ceasefires are often assumed to be a means to peace; but in Syria, the Assad regime has transformed them into a powerful weapon against civilians. This essay describes how Assad's forces have strategically deployed ceasefires to achieve two goals: (1) the starvation and displacement of urban areas, and (2) the massing of otherwise overstretched forces. Through a series of case studies, this essay also charts the evolution of Assad's ceasefires strategy, from the “local ceasefires” that took hold early in the conflict to the current “de-escalation zones.” The essay also highlights impacts on Iranian regional expansion and long-term population displacement and demographic re-engineering. 

Blank Section (Placeholder)Analysis and Commentary

Strategy, Grand Strategy, And The Enduring War On Terror

by Hal Brandsvia Analysis
Tuesday, July 17, 2018

The United States has now been fighting a global war on terror (GWOT) for nearly two decades, but the threat posed by extremist groups remains. This essay seeks to reconcile the strategic requirement of prosecuting an aggressive campaign against the most dangerous extremist groups with the grand strategic constraints that the United States currently faces. 

Blank Section (Placeholder)Analysis and Commentary

The United States In Northeastern Syria

by Fabrice Balanche via Analysis
Tuesday, July 17, 2018

The presence of the United States in northeastern Syria after the defeat of the Islamic State is justified in the context of the confrontation with Iran and Russia in the Middle East. However, by relying primarily on the YPG (People's Protection Units), an outshoot of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers’ Party), Washington creates an existential threat to Ankara and pushes Turkey into the arms of enemies of the United States. The inversion of local power to the benefit of the Kurds and the disastrous economic situation strikes the Arab populations, who are turning to Damascus. That calls into question all the calculations made by strategists who are not interested in the deep reality of the territory that must support their actions.

Blank Section (Placeholder)Featured

The Question Of American Strategy In The Indo-Pacific

by Michael R. Auslinvia Analysis
Tuesday, July 17, 2018

For much of its history, America had little formal strategy for the Pacific. Only with the rise of China and the vital economic role of Asia can one envision a US grand strategy with the Indo-Pacific region at its core. Yet just when Asia has become central to US global strategy, Washington’s influence and power in the region have been significantly challenged. US policy makers must formulate an effective and comprehensive strategy toward Asia that preserves stability and protects American and allied interests while managing a growing strategic competition between Washington and Beijing and the threat of a nuclear-capable North Korea. 

Featured AnalysisAnalysis and Commentary

Bin Salman And The Promise (Or Peril) Of Reform

by Nadav Saminvia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 19, 2018

A mass drugging is how one young Saudi man in Riyadh described to me Mohammad Bin Salman’s Vision 2030, eight months after its ostentatious launch in April 2016.  Smoke and mirrors, he meant.  Since then, the energetic and youthful Saudi crown prince has surprised his critics by upending a number of his country’s political, economic, and cultural norms.  But can he safely deliver more change to an already rapidly changing society?  How much tinkering can one do with a fragile polity before it cracks under the pressure?

Pages

The Caravan


Visit the Caravan, a periodic symposium on the contemporary dilemmas of the greater Middle East.

Featured Essay Series

 

Featured Books

Freedom or Terror: Europe Faces Jihad, by Hoover senior fellow Russell A. Berman.

Freedom or Terror: Europe Faces Jihad by Senior Fellow Russell A. Berman

Thursday, May 13, 2010
Stanford

Hoover Institution Press today announced the publication of Freedom or Terror: Europe Faces Jihad, by Hoover senior fellow Russell A. Berman. In his analysis of Europe’s ambivalence toward jihadist terror and the spread of aggressive Islamism, Berman focuses on the European responses—or lack thereof—to this profound threat to modern democracy.

Press Releases
cover image for Islamism and the Future of the Christians in the Middle East

The Hoover Institution Announces Four Essays on Islamism

Wednesday, April 14, 2010
Stanford

The Hoover Institution today announced publication of four essays on Islamism and international order: Saudi Arabia and the New Strategic Landscape, by Joshua Teitelbaum; Syria through Jihadist Eyes: The Perfect Enemy, by Nibras Kazimi; The Ideological Struggle for Pakistan, by Ziad Haider; and Islamism and the Future of the Christians in the Middle East, by Habib C. Malik. This diverse group of foreign policy experts highlights different and complex facets of Islamism and the Middle East.

Press Releases

Pages

The Working Group on Islamism and the International Order seeks to engage in the task of reversing Islamic radicalism through reforming and strengthening the legitimate role of the state across the entire Muslim world.

Efforts will draw on the intellectual resources of an array of scholars and practitioners from within the United States and abroad, to foster the pursuit of modernity, human flourishing, and the rule of law and reason in Islamic lands–developments that are critical to the very order of the international system. The working group is chaired by Hoover fellows Russell Berman and Charles Hill.

Visit The Caravan, a periodic symposium on the contemporary dilemmas of the greater Middle East.