Middle East & North Africa

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Democracy? In Iraq?

by Chappell Lawson, Strom C. Thackervia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, July 30, 2003

The short-term prospects for democracy in Iraq are mixed at best. Yet there are things we can do to improve the odds. By Hoover national fellows Chappell Lawson and Strom C. Thacker.

SIX DAYS OF WAR: The Six-Day War

with Michael Orenvia Uncommon Knowledge
Monday, June 23, 2003

In June 1967, Israel defeated the combined forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria, seizing control of the Sinai from Egypt, the Golan Heights from Syria, and the West Bank from Jordan. Why did the Six-Day War unfold as it did? What lessons did the Arabs on the one side, and the Israelis on the other, draw from the war? And what lessons do the war and its aftermath have for the United States as it tries to forge a lasting peace in the Middle East?

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Now the Hard Part

by Lisa D. Cookvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 30, 2003

Post-war Iraq is a country with desperate needs—and those needs must be met quickly. Hoover national fellow Lisa D. Cook on the challenges of rebuilding Iraq.

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Confronting Saddam’s Legacy

by Timothy Garton Ashvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 30, 2003

Saddam Hussein has been purged from Iraq—now his legacy must be purged as well. By Hoover fellow Timothy Garton Ash.

Can Iran Become a Democracy?

by Abbas Milanivia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 30, 2003

The last, best hope for democracy in Iran? Its burgeoning middle class. By Hoover fellow Abbas Milani.

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by Michael McFaulvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 30, 2003

Post-war Iraq is a tinderbox. How can we prevent a conflagration? By Hoover fellow Michael McFaul.

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by Robert Zelnickvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 30, 2003

The military campaign? That was the easy part. Hoover fellow Robert Zelnick on the political battles to come.

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Can Iraq Become a Democracy?

by Larry Diamondvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, April 30, 2003

Reconstructing Iraq as a responsible and lawful state will represent the most costly and formidable task the United States has taken on in decades. By Hoover fellow Larry Diamond.


with Michael McFaul, Abbas Milani, Guity Nashatvia Uncommon Knowledge
Monday, April 28, 2003

It's been nearly twenty-five years since the shah of Iran was overthrown in a popular revolution. The ensuing American hostage crisis marked the beginning of an era of mutual hostility between Iran and the United States—Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini often called the United States "the Great Satan"; more recently President Bush placed Iran on the so-called axis of evil. But an increasingly visible democratic reform movement supported by young Iranians born after the revolution suggests that Iran may be entering a new era of change. Just how powerful is the reform movement in Iran? And what should the United States do, if anything, to help bring about a new Iran?

CASTLES MADE OF SAND: The United States and Saudia Arabia

with Abraham D. Sofaer, As'ad AbuKhalil, Daniel Pipesvia Uncommon Knowledge
Thursday, March 20, 2003

Is Saudi Arabia an ally or an adversary? Saudi Arabia remains an autocratic monarchy, where the rights of women and the press are severely restricted. Saudi money is a principal source of funding for the Wahhabi sect, which promotes a militant form of Islam throughout the Muslim world. Osama bin Laden and fifteen of the nineteen participants in the attacks of September 11 came from Saudi Arabia. And yet, for more than 50 years, the United States has treated Saudi Arabia as an ally. Why? What role have Saudi oil and Saudi oil money played in shaping our relationship? Is it time to recognize that Saudi Arabia may threaten American national interests? If so, what should U.S. policy toward Saudi Arabia be?